What Kinds Of Roofing Materials You Should Look Into
Admin Admin October 4, 2022

In the United States, asphalt shingles are the most popular choice for roofs because they are widely available, inexpensive, and flexible. Slate and clay tiles are the most long-lasting options, but they are also more costly than other options like metal or wood. There are only two examples of green roofs and solar shingles, which are practical but costly roofing options.

One of the wisest and most rewarding investments you can make in your house is to have the roof replaced. If you're in the market for a new roof, consider factors like your location's environment, your budget, and the quality of materials available before making your selection.

Types Of Roofing

Shingles (Asphalt, Fiberglass, Composite)

Composite asphalt shingles are used on over 90% of American houses due to their low cost, long lifespan, and simple installation. Installation of asphalt shingles costs about $1.50 to $5.00 per square foot, or around $8,000 total. They have a lifespan of up to 30 years and may be reused as a raw material in the paving industry.

Gray, brown, red, green, and blue are only some of the hues made by manufacturers that combine fiberglass, asphalt, and mineral composite. However, prolonged contact with sunlight will cause their hue to fade. Whether you choose architecturally or three-tab shingles will determine how the roof will appear in color and quality.


  • Affordable
  • Low-maintenance
  • Locatable with little effort
  • Very effective in the vast majority of weather conditions
  • Available in a rainbow of hues
  • Recyclable
  • Cons
  • UV light from the sun causes dyes to fade
  • Wind may easily tear apart the 3-tab design

Architectural and Three-Tab

Compared to three-tab shingles, the individual tiles of a roof covered with architectural asphalt shingles are thicker and, hence, more durable. The increased cost of architectural shingles is due to the better quality materials and longer installation time required. On the other hand, they are more durable (lasting anywhere from 15 to 30 years) and can withstand harsher climates.

Asphalt shingles split into three tabs are thinner and more cost-effective. This facilitates a quicker installation process and results in a consistent, brick-like pattern. As a rule, they only live between 7 and 15 years and are vulnerable to strong winds. These are the cheapest roofing materials available.

Metal Roofing

Metal roofs look and feel cutting-edge, yet they have been around since the 1800s. Aluminum and zinc, two of the most common metals used for roofing sheets and shingles, remain attractive options because of their cheap cost, portability, minor maintenance, and timeless aesthetics. Depending on the design and material, they may last up to 80 years and cost anything from $6 to $14 per square foot.

Shingles and "standing seam"-connected sheets (or "panels") are the two main options. A sealant may be applied to the metal before it is used. Metal roofing is available in many hues, and many colors may be painted on it.

You probably didn't know this, but Zinc Panels were initially used in the 1830s to give Paris' roofs their distinctive blue-gray hue.


  • Low-maintenance
  • Durable
  • Ability to pass as wood, asphalt, or slate
  • Colorful range
  • Lightweight
  • Recyclable


  • To lessen the volume of noise, soundproofing is required
  • Warping or ripples may occur if installation is sloppy
  • Installing and fixing this will need skilled workers
  • Standing Seam and Shingles

It is vital to take time installing panels of standing seam metal roofing so that the resulting vertical lines are smooth. Typically, the cost to install metal sheets of this kind is higher, ranging from $9 to $14 per square foot.

Metal shingles may look like wood, asphalt, or slate roofing materials. They are less costly than a standing seam, roughly $1 to $3 per square foot.

Wood Roofing

Cape Cod cottages, Craftsman bungalows, and Tudor manors all look great with wooden roofs. They're born a sandy brown and mature to a silvery white. In dry climes, a wood roof may endure for 50 years without treatment, but in fire-prone locations like California, it has to be treated every few years. East Coast wetness causes wood roofs to deteriorate more rapidly than in drier regions.

Because of their ability to keep insects at bay, cedar, redwood, and pine are often used in construction. For between $5 and $7 per square foot, cedar shake is the most common roof option.


  • Eye-catching design for the outside
  • Organic stuff


  • Easily ruined by moisture, mold, mildew, and decay
  • Possible need for chemical preservatives and fire retardants
  • High-maintenance

Shakes and Shingles

Roofing wood may be shaped in two ways:

Shakes are cut into wedges to achieve a rougher, more organic appearance. They are the costlier choice, costing around $3.50 per square foot and $7 to $13 for installation.

Shingles are sawmilled to the same length, breadth, and thickness throughout the manufacturing process to ensure straight lines. On average, they are $1 to $2 cheaper than shakes.

Clay Tiles

Glazed earthenware roofs in China stretch back 5,000 years, making clay tiles one of the world's oldest and most widely used roofing materials. They endure for 50 years or longer and cost between $10 and $18 per square foot. You have several options, including the Spanish, French, and Scandinavian styles.

Clay tiles outlast almost every roofing material but are more costly to install and maintain. Clay roofing is popular in sunny regions like Southern California and Florida due to its resistance to fire, high wind speeds (up to 150 miles per hour), and low thermal conductivity.


  • Low-maintenance
  • Elegant and attractive exterior design
  • Hues range from terracotta and red to brown and gray
  • Genuinely organic
  • Home temperature is easily controlled


  • Permeable to influence
  • Require some additional structural support
  • Expert installation and maintenance services may be needed

Slate Roofing

Costing between $9 and $20 per square foot, slate is one of the most long-lasting roofing options. There is a 50-200 year lifespan for this stuff. Hail and tiny branches won't do any damage and won't burn, melt, or otherwise deteriorate in strong winds and harsh temperatures.

You can use either natural, quarried slate or a synthetic option such as fiber cement slate or a bituminous design. Many of the advantages of genuine slate may be found in synthetic slate, albeit at a far lower price.


  • Long lifespan
  • Low-maintenance
  • Durable
  • Variety of colors to choose from, including gray, blue, green, brown, and red


  • Cost
  • Require some additional structural support

Green Roofing

Green roofs, sometimes known as "living roofs," are roofs that are planted with vegetation, usually grasses or native wildflowers. There are several advantages to installing them, including protection from the extreme heat outside the house and less rainwater runoff, at the cost of $10 to $25 per square foot. There is a 30–50 year average lifespan for green roofs.

It's possible that green roofing will be at the top of your priority list when you learn the facts about it.


  • Durable
  • Promotes ecological integrity


  • Maintenance of plants and water systems
  • Weight and water need additional structural support
  • Requires specialist workers

>>Related post: Understanding the Most Common Commercial Roof Types

Solar Shingles

In the roofing industry, solar shingles are a relatively recent innovation. A roofing contractor experienced in installing building-integrated photovoltaics (BIPV) will be required for the job.

Solar shingles are an expensive renewable energy alternative with a possible 20-30 year lifespan. Installation prices are $21 per square foot. The value of your property might increase by as much as $15,000 if you install them. American solar power has a promising future.


  • Generates clean, helpful energy that may be used within the house
  • Raises the value for resale


  • Must be set up and fixed by professionals.
  • Moderate upkeep
  • Additional structural support for weight and wiring is required

>>Related post: Different Types of Roof Repairs

Rolled Roofing

Roll roofing is one of the most cost-effective options, making it a favorite for DIYers and construction companies. All the components and the labor to put them in are reasonably priced. This rolled material is best for roofs with a lower slope since it can be pounded into place. The thing is, you shouldn't hit it onto any old flat roof. It's possible that doing so might lead to water leaks.


  • Beneficial for flat roofs
  • Doesn't call for a subfloor


  • Lifespan is probably just five to ten years
  • Alternatives with higher price tags may not be of the same quality

>>Related post: What Are The Different Types Of Roof

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